DES Sons International Network Statistics of Individuals with Gender-related Issues or Outcomes Among Network Members
Scott Kerlin, 5-Year Research Summary Update, October 2004
Among the population of DES sons in our network who have raised gender-related questions and experiences, I have received personal stories and/or introductions from more than 150 individuals with either confirmed or “strongly suspected” DES exposure. Among 158 “likely DES-exposed” persons (confirmed or suspected), their summary descriptions of identity and/or experiences reflected the following.
There have been at least 93 individuals with confirmed prenatal DES exposure who indicated they are either transsexual, transgendered, gender dysphoric, or intersex. (These terms come from individuals’ self-description of their identities or primary health concerns.) Here is the distribution of those 93 individuals:
- Confirmed DES-Exposed and Gender-Related Issues (N=93)
- Confirmed Exposed and Transsexual: 54 individuals
- Confirmed Exposed and Transgender: 26 individuals
- Confirmed Exposed and Gender Dysphoric: 10 individuals
- Confirmed Exposed and Intersex: 3 individuals
There have been at least 65 individuals with “strongly suspected but not yet confirmed” exposure who indicated they are either transsexual, transgendered, gender dysphoric, or intersex. Here is the distribution of those figures:
- Strongly suspected, not confirmed DES Exposed and Gender-Related Issues (N=65)
- Suspected Exposure and Transsexual: 36 individuals
- Suspected Exposure and Transgender: 22 individuals
- Suspected Exposure and Gender Dysphoric: 7 individuals
- Suspected Exposure and Intersex none reported
Download the full paper.