Structure and function of the fallopian tubes following exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) during gestation, Fertility and sterility, NCBI PubMed PMID: 7308519, 1981 Dec.
The association between the use of diethylstilbestrol (DES) and vaginal and cervical adenocarcinoma and adenosis in the progeny was first reported by Herbst et al. in 1971. This progeny will reach a peak as far as reproduction is concerned in this decade. It is estimated that 2 million women may be involved to varying degrees.
Changes in uterine and cervical contour and structure have been detailed. Thus DES exposure and anatomic changes in the Müllerian system have been documented.
In this report 16 women in the reproductive age group who were exposed to DES in utero and presented with infertility are discussed. On workup for infertility they were found to have unique tubal morphologic features consisting of a foreshortened, convoluted tube with “withered” fimbria with a pinpoint os at laparoscopy.
The diagnosis could not be made at the time of hysterosalpingogram. Three patients had surgery in an attempt to correct this condition; and in all cases the surgery was unsuccessful.
No statistical data is offered as to epidemiologic factors or incidence rates, but the suspected increase in infertility and ectopic pregnancy rates in patients with DES exposure may corroborate these findings.