Gender-identity, body-experience, sexuality, and the wish for having children in women exposed prenatally to diethylstilbestrol

US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, 1996

Study Abstract

The main focus of the present study is to examine the impact of being a DES-daughter upon gender-identity, body-experience, body-acceptance, sexual satisfaction, and the wish for having children.

Gender-identity, body-experience, sexuality, and the wish for having children in DES-daughters, Women’s Health, NCBI PubMed PMID: 8948086, 1996.

Pink & Blue image credit Janet McKnight.

Subjects were DES-daughters (N = 206) and age-matched controls (N = 121) who were not prenatally exposed to DES.

All subjects completed a battery of measures including Bem’s Sex Role Inventory (1977), a written gynecological anamnesis, and questionnaires concerning body-experience, sexuality, and the wish for having children.

  1. First, it was expected that DES-daughters would be more masculinized in their self-concepts than non-exposed control subjects.
  2. Our second hypothesis was that DES-daughters would be lower in body-acceptance and sexual satisfaction, and would have stronger wishes and more emotionality concerning reproduction.

Contrary to expectations, DES-daughters were not more ‘masculinized’ than controls. Instead, they tended to have higher scores on femininity.

Furthermore, no differences between DES-daughters and controls appeared in body-acceptance and sexual satisfaction. However, the DES-daughters reported a stronger wish for having children and expressed more emotionality concerning the subject.

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