ERα’s role in DES-induced breast cancer cell proliferation

The influence of endocrine disrupting chemicals on the proliferation of ERalpha knockdown-human breast cancer cell line MCF-7; new attempts by RNAi technology

2009 Study Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a monomer use in manufacturing a wide range of chemical products which include epoxy resins and polycarbonate.

It has been reported that BPA increases the cell proliferation activity of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells as well as 17-β estradiol (E2) and diethylstilbestrol (DES). However, BPA induces target genes through ER-dependent and ER-independent manners which are different from the actions induced by E2. Therefore, BPA may be unique in estrogen-dependent cell proliferation compared to other endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs).

In the present study, to test whether ERα is essential to the BPA-induced proliferation on MCF-7 cells, we suppressed the ERα expression of MCF-7 cells by RNA interference (RNAi).

Proliferation effects in the presence of E2, DES and BPA were not observed in ERα-knockdown MCF-7 cells in comparison with control MCF-7. In addition, a marker of proliferative potential, MIB-1 labeling index (LI), showed no change in BPA-treated groups compared with vehicle-treated groups on ERα-knockdown MCF-7 cells.

In conclusion, we demonstrated that ERα has a role in BPA-induced cell proliferation as well as E2 and DES. Moreover, this study indicated that the direct knockdown of ERα using RNAi serves as an additional tool to evaluate, in parallel with MCF-7 cell proliferation assay, for potential EDCs.

Sources

  • Full study (free access) : The influence of endocrine disrupting chemicals on the proliferation of ERalpha knockdown-human breast cancer cell line MCF-7; new attempts by RNAi technology, Acta Histochem Cytochem, NCBI PubMed PMC2685020, 2009 Apr 28.
  • Featured image credit globalmedicaldiscovery.
DES DIETHYLSTILBESTROL RESOURCES

Have your say ! Share your views

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.