Two pathways may exist for the induction of cell transformation by DES
It was shown previously that diethylstilbestrol (DES) can induce morphological and neoplastic transformation of Syrian hamster embryo cells in culture in the absence of detectable gene mutations or DNA damage.
However, in the presence of exogenous metabolic activation with rat liver post-mitochondrial supernatant, DES can induce unscheduled DNA synthesis.
In this report we have examined whether with exogenous metabolic activation DES can also induce biological effects possibly related to its carcinogenicity, i.e. specific locus mutations in Syrian hamster embryo cells and cell transformation.
We observed that DES was mutagenic only in the presence of exogenous metabolic activation. DES induced morphological transformation both in the absence and presence of exogenous metabolic activation. Enhanced cell transformation was observed in the presence of exogenous metabolic activation.
These results indicate that two pathways may exist for the induction of cell transformation by DES. One does not apparently involve direct DNA damage, and the other, which requires rat liver post-mitochondrial supernatant-mediated exogenous metabolic activation, is associated with DNA damage and mutagenicity.
These results may provide an experimental model to elucidate the biological properties of DES metabolites.
- Alteration in diethylstilbestrol-induced mutagenicity and cell transformation by exogenous metabolic activation, Carcinogenesis. NCBI PubMedPMID/ 3742716, 1986 Sep.
- Featured image credit Yarin Asanth.